In 1842 a United States flag of this design was flown over San Bernardino for the first time. At the time there were only 26 states in the Union, while California was governed by Mexico. It was not until September 9, 1850, that California became the 31st state.
The First Fourth of July Celebration
in San Bernardino
Daniel Sexton had arrived in Old San Bernardino in December of 1841, and went to work in the mountains above Cherry Valley cutting timber for Isaac Williams of the Chino Rancho and others. Cahuilla Indians furnished the labor for the operation at a wage of 25 cents per day. Sexton made friends with the Indians and gained much influence with them, eventually marrying the niece of Chief Solano. In 1842 they asked him if the Americans did not celebrate feast days. In response, on July 4, 1842, Sexton erected a flag pole and raised an American flag over the camp, and celebrated along with the Indians in a patriotic fashion.
- excerpt from an article by Arda M. Haenszel
* Saturday, July 25, 2015
* 8:00 am until Noon (Vendor setup 6:30 am to 8:00 am)
* At the Santa Fe Depot...1170 West Third Street, San Bernardino, CA 92410
* Admission: $4.00 donation. Accompaning spouse and under 18 free.
* Contact: Larry (951) 686-7890 or Gary (909) 794-3153 email@example.com
For many years the padres at Mission San Gabriel (established in 1771) were interested in locating a ranch, and eventually a mission, in the San Bernardino Valley. The opportunity did not arise until 1819, when the Indians at Guachama Rancheria asked the padres at Mission San Gabriel to teach them agriculture and stock raising.
Guachama Rancheria was an Indian village of 200-500 Native Americans located along what is now Mission Road, between California Street and Mountain View Avenue, in Loma Linda. The area has also been referred to as Old San Bernardino or Cottonwood Row.
The first step in creating a thriving ranch was to bring water to the area. This was done by digging a 12-mile zanja (an irrigation ditch) from Mill Creek, near what is now Mentone, down through Redlands and westward to Loma Linda.
Construction of the zanja was done by Native Americans under the direction of Pedro Alvarez. In 1820 a residence for a mayordomo (overseer) was built and Carlos Garcia became responsible for managing the flow of water and maintaining and repairing the zanja.
In his 1821 diary, Father Jose Sanchez writes that Rancho San Bernardino, "was well stocked, with a small cultivated area, and buildings used for storage and residence by the first mayor-domo".
Mill Creek Zanja is the oldest irrigation ditch in the county and for a long time supported San Gabriel Mission's ranch and estancia, as well as local farms and numerous industries that relied upon it's water.
Mill Creek Zanja is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is California Register Landmark No. 43.
The western half of the zanja has been covered over. The Redlands Conservancy's Save the Zanja Committee plans to develop a natural-surface trail and greenway along or near the historic Zanja, from Ninth Street in downtown Redlands east to Mentone. Completion is expected by 2019, in time for the Zanja's bicentennial.
Note: For additional information see: Mill Creek Zanja, Driving Tour and Brief History by Tom Atchley, 2009.
Above is the ATSF annual report map of 1881 produced by Rand McNaly.
This is one of several maps discussed by Richard Pace in his article on Santa Fe Annual Report Maps
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