When the expected Indian attack never materialized, the original Mormon settlers in San Bernardino decided to move out of the fort they had built in 1851. In 1853 the City of San Bernardino was laid out like a miniature Salt Lake City. The town was one mile-square, laid out in blocks containing eight acres each.
A block-square public park was established in the center of town. It was located between 5th and 6th Street and Salt Lake (E) Street and California (F) Street. The park in the early years was called the "Public Square", then "City Park" and "Lugo Park" (for the Lugo family, the first owners).
On July 2, 1915, the City Council officially established the name of the park as "Pioneer Park".
Over the years numerous buildings were erected in this eight-acre park, including:
* 1880, St. Catherine's Convent School (torn down in 1927 to build the California Hotel)
* 1890, Pavilion (burned down in 1913)
* 1908, Log cabin of the Pioneer Society (burned down in 1973)
* 1910, Catholic Church (still stands at 5th & F Streets)
* 1923, Municipal Auditorium (closed in 1979 and demolished in 1982)
* 1927, California Hotel (went out of business in 1972 and was torn down in 1985)
* c.1928, St. Bernardine's Catholic High School (replaced in 1981 by apartments for seniors)
* Various War Memorials (most still remain)
Today we think of the park as the home of the Feldheym Library (opened to the public in 1985).
Click here to see photographs of the buildings and more of Pioneer Park.
Jerusha Bemis (1799-1872)
Clare Cherry (1919-1990)
Eliza Robbins Crafts (1825-1910)
Janet Miles (1901-2008)
Maria Armenta Bermdez (1806-1858)
Mary Bennett Goodcell (1849-1909)
Sarah Jane Rousseau (1816-1872)
Lizzy Flake Rowan (1834-1908)
Mary Wixom Crandall (1834-1927)
Caterina Croce Massetti (1877-1946)
Alice Rowan Johnson (1868-1911)
Arda M. Haenszel (1910-2001)
Doroothy Inghram (1905-2012)
Pinky Brier (1909-2008)
Mourning Burnham Glenn (1814-1905)
Click here to read the stories of all of these pioneering women and their contributions to San Bernardino.
On July 17, 1955, The Santa Fe and Disneyland Railroad began operations in Anaheim, California. On that day, the "C. K. Holiday" and the "E. P. Ripley" started transporting passengers around Disneyland Park.
Disneyland's narrow gauge railroad was called the Santa Fe and Disneyland Railroad from 1955 until 1974 (when Santa Fe withdrew its sponsorship).
Currently there are five steam locomotives, with the first four named after former Santa Fe CEOs.
All of the engines are real operating steam locomotives. Currently the locomotives are fueled by biodiesel, blended primarily from used cooking oil and a soy based fuel.
On March 28, 1958, the No. 3, "Fred Gurley" was added to the railroad.
Also in 1958, the Grand Canyon Diorama, painted by Delmer J. Yoakum, was added along the trains' route between Tomorrowland and Main Street. At that time it was the longest diorama in the world, 306 feet long and 34 feet high. "On the Trail", from Frede Grofe's Grand Canyon Suite is piped throughout the train as it enters the diorama.
On July 25, 1959, the fourth train was put into operation, pulled by the "Ernest S. Marsh".
In 1966, the Grand Canyon Diorama was expanded with a prehistoric theme (including Audio-Animatronic dinosaurs) and thus became the "Grand Canyon/Primeval World" diorama.
The "Ward Kimball" went into service on June 25, 2005, as part of the park's 50th anniversary celebration. The new locomotive's headlight features a gold leaf silhouette of Jiminy Cricket, based on a drawing of the character Kimball made shortly before his death.
Ward Kimball was railroad enthusiast and an animator who worked on some of Disney's most famous movies. He was affectionally known as one of Disney's Nine Old Men.